The Arsenal Column

Arsenal Analysis and Tactics. All views expressed are those of Pat Rice. (Disclaimer: they are actually not his words).

Have Arsenal become easier to press?

arsenal chelsea press

A great attacking performance is such that at first viewing, it seems inherently defensive. Take Liverpool’s 5-1 home win against Arsenal in February this season. It’s true that they looked like they could have scored with every chance such was the alarming regularity they got behind the Arsenal defence. But it was the swirling press of red shirts that was just as memorable, surrounding the Arsenal midfielders in possession and blocking potential passing lanes. And when they regained the ball, the pace and trickery of Suarez, Sturridge, Sterling et al. put The Gunners to the sword.

Great attacking teams don’t just throw caution to the wind when they go forward; effective attacking play is predicated on a solid defensive foundation which allows those players to flourish. It’s indicative of the way Liverpool worked as a team that their best defensive player wasn’t a member of the back four nor a central midfielder: it was Philippe Coutinho. The Brazilian won 6 tackles and made 2 interceptions, but was most impressive was the way he filled in the gaps when players moved out of position. In fact, Liverpool’s system is all about little chain reactions: when one players moves, it activates the trigger for another to move into the space. What Coutinho did so well was to make Liverpool’s formation move from a 4-4-2 at various times, to a 4-2-3-1 or 4-3-3.

There are other such examples in the past of good defence aiding devastating attacking play. When Ajax beat Liverpool 7-3 in the European Cup over two legs in 1966, Bill Shankly peculiarly declared that “they were the most defensive team we have ever met.” Then there were the two famous 5-0 wins over Real Madrid: the first, by AC Milan in 1989, which put Arrigo Sacchi on the map; while in 2010, we remember mostly the way Barcelona kept the ball, in particular the controlling forces of Xavi and Messi, but just as important was the way they pressed their opponents, hunting in packs to win the ball back.

Indeed in Chris Anderson and David Sally’s The Numbers Game: Why Everything You Know About Football Is Wrong, they find, using statistical evidence, that keeping a clean sheet helps a team more than scoring lots of goals does. That’s what the basis was for Arsenal early season form, with Arsene Wenger telling Arsenal Player: “It’s very important for the confidence of the team that we have such a [defensive] stability. As I said many times, we are an offensive team, but you are only a good offensive team if you have a good defensive stability.”

Sadly, that assurance in defence has dissipated in recent matches, most crushingly when Arsenal were defeated 6-0 by Chelsea at Stamford Bridge. The irony was that Wenger’s worst defeat waited until his 1000th match in charge of Arsenal. Still, The Gunners are in with an outside shot of the title, and have a great chance to break their nine-year trophy drought with the FA Cup but in my opinion, that owes much to the defence – which individually, is perhaps Wenger’s best for a long time. Those big defeats Arsenal suffered, against Manchester City, Liverpool and Chelsea, which have put a damper on their season, mainly originated from Arsenal frequently giving the ball away in midfield thus exposing the back four repeatedly.

For me, a large part of Arsenal’s vulnerability – that good players, like Aaron Ramsey, who Arsenal have missed massively, can alleviate – stems from the unique way they bring the ball out of defence. To understand that, first we must understand Wenger.

Explaining Arsene Wenger’s philosophy is a trickier task than at first it actually seems. It’s widely accepted that he’s an attacking coach but can that be distinguished from a coach that favours possession first? For example, his Arsenal side do not stretch the pitch as wide as other possession-orientated sides might; instead the Wenger way is to stretch the field vertically in the build up to avoid the press, and then drop a midfielder in to pick up the ball in the extra space. Other teams such as Barcelona – at the far end of the attacking-possession extreme – stretch the play horizontally, firstly by splitting the centre-backs and then dropping a midfielder in between.

Instead, the main focus for Wenger is on expressionism and autonomy, cultivated on the training ground by small-sided matches – games of 7v7 or 8v8 – to encourage better combination play. (Think about how, in the first-half in the 2-0 win against Crystal Palace, Lukas Podolski kept on drifting inside too early in the build up instead of, as he should have, hugging the touchline to open up space. It was later in the second-half, when he curbed his tendencies to get on the ball, that he attempted his first shots in the game).  The importance of possession is preached of course - Arsenal practice a drill called “through-play” whereby a team lines up as it would in a normal match but without opponents, so that the players can memorise where team-mates are intuitively - but keeping the ball must have means: patience is only tolerated to an extent. Cesc Fabregas expands: “Wenger showed me a lot, but wouldn’t say ‘I want you to copy what I show you.’ He let me find by myself the player I was meant to be. Now whenever I have the ball I look to gain yards. This sense of verticality, it’s Wenger. He made me an attacking player.”

“Wenger always said to me: ‘Forward, Cesc, forward! Attack! Attack!’ From a young age I heard him say that. All the players he’s coached will tell you: the eyes must always look to the opponent’s goal. He didn’t really like spending training working on defensive strategies. What he loves is seeing his team take initiative and create chances.” And comparing Arsenal to Barcelona, Fabregas says: “Wenger didn’t really like it when we kept ball for long periods, he thought it counter-productive & sterile keeping the ball but not really doing anything with it (not attacking), he (Wenger) hated that. What (Wenger) loves is goals. For example, if at 3-0 up we could still score two more, he’d push us to do so. The Barca style is more composed. You have to string passes together. Bam. Calm. Bam. Calm. I had to adapt to team’s needs which are different from Arsenal. Here I must play as the coach wants and respect the philosophy of the team.”

This idea of verticality works against most sides as they tend to defend deep against Arsenal, and while that throws up problems of its own, Wenger is secretly happy to face those sides as it means Arsenal have most of the play. However, it can be a problem when teams play high up, as we have seen against Southampton, Everton, Manchester City, Tottenham Hotspur, Chelsea, Liverpool to name the most troubling.

Wenger’s aware of this, but he places great faith on his two centre-backs to pass the ball out and one of the central midfielders, usually Mikel Arteta dropping in. He says: “The teams close us down so much high up because they know we play through the middle. I push my midfielders a bit up at the start to give us more room to build up the game. When you come to the ball we are always under pressure. I am comfortable with that, although sometimes it leaves us open in the middle of the park. We want to play in the other half of the pitch and, therefore, we have to push our opponents back. But my philosophy is not to be in trouble, but to fool the opponent into trouble.”

What Arsenal do is, instead of opening the pitch horizontally to evade the press as other possession sides usually do (typically that means splitting the two centre-backs wider and dropping a midfielder in between or asking one of the midfielders to move laterally), they push the team up the pitch to create space in the middle of the pitch for one of the central midfielders to pick up the ball in extra space. The problem is when say Wilshere (who is not very good with the ball deep) or Arteta get the ball there, they’re often isolated and thus easy to dispossess. Often, they have to try and dribble their way out as Mesut Ozil was forced to when he was tackled in the build up to Liverpool’s 3rd goal. In fact, if you cast your mind back to the defeat 3 out of 5 of their goals came from Arsenal relinquishing possession meekly.

arsenal_pool

Arsene Wenger takes great stock in players who have the dexterity and close control to get out of tight situations, as he said recently when describing Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain’s strengths in central midfield: “He has the sense of positional play and he has the qualities which you want to see in the modern game,” Wenger said. “He has that capability to break through because there is a lot of pressure in the modern game. So those players who have the ability to get out of that pressure are of course very important.”

If they don’t, then it can prove catastrophic as Ozil continually found against Liverpool when he dropped deep and instead, was forced to pass backwards or attempt to dribble through. Bear in mind that there is no right or wrong way – Liverpool have often been in uncompromising situations when they split their centre-backs – it depends on how well you execute your plans and Arsenal are better than most. And better teams are more likely to expose chinks, as Liverpool did and then Chelsea in their 6-0 win. Again, goals were relinquished through easy concession of possession in midfield, as Chelsea not only pressed up the pitch, but intelligently and structurally.

ozil liverpool

Ozil’s options are compressed as he opts to dribble past Henderson in an attempt to go forward instead of passing it backwards to Mertesacker or Arteta.

However, in the recent Champions League encounter against Paris Saint Germain, Chelsea tried to replicate the same tactics but frequently hit a brick wall. Why? Well, for one, they were without their master presser, Nemanja Matic, who is cup-tied in Europe, but the way Paris play under Laurent Blanc, it’s like a game-within-a-game they play at the back, taking risks with the ball in an attempt to draw the opposition out. Chelsea tried to press but each time they did, they were rebuffed either from brilliant close control, especially from Marco Verratti, or intelligent positional play from the Paris players, stretching the pitch horizontally, and then dropping a midfielder in the extra spaces to the side of Chelsea’s attackers so they couldn’t press effectively.

Arsenal could take some hints. For me, Mikel Arteta, Arsenal’s foremost deep-lying midfielder, is fantastic at keeping Arsenal’s intensity high in matches where the team is on the front foot and can play in the opponent’s half; indeed, that’s how Wenger used him in the 4-1 win against Everton and 1-1 draw with Manchester City. But when the opponent forces him to play almost as a quarter-back, he can be easily nullified. What Arsenal need to do is offer more rotation; when one of the central midfielders drop deep to pick the ball up, the other pushes up so that it’s harder to mark. Indeed, that’s what Aaron Ramsey did so well before his injury, often out-passing own teammates and the opponents’, so it’s suffice to say that how Arsenal cope with high pressure also depends on the personnel available.

Then there’s the intricate, almost one-paced play Arsenal play. At times this season, it’s been exhilarating: the team goals against Sunderland and Norwich are some of the best I have seen and that burgeoning understanding can only get better with time and a full complement of healthy players. But the statistics also say this is probably the worst of Wenger’s sides at keeping the ball, dropping to fifth in the Premier League for average possession per game at 56%, down from the last three seasons of 60%+. Of course, this is partly a purposeful ploy from Wenger, implanting a pragmatic side to Arsenal’s game, as they are more willing to drop off and soak up pressure, gradually working a foothold in the game and taking the chances that come. However, it’s also hard to ignore that they now take four less shots per game and concede one more shot on average per game than they have in the past few seasons. Is it a strategic fault that Arsenal have or is it the players that account for the drop-off?

There’s an argument that Arsenal also lack enough players with the change of pace and direction that has been the standard of Wenger sides in the past. Chiefly, that has been levelled at striker Olivier Giroud who it is said could run the channels more, thus opening space for the attacking players behind him. Giroud, while his link-up play brings others into play, is mainly static, exclusively playing in between the two centre-backs and as such Arsenal’s play can look predictable, and it relies on moves being perfect.

Indeed, it’s even arguable that Arsenal don’t use him enough as a target man to bring more variety into their play – or rather that they can’t because his ball retention is wildly inconsistent. It’s more convenient (and frustrating as well) to think of Giroud as an extension of the midfield, another pass before Arsenal eventually get inside the box.

One must also consider the psychological factor in appraising whether Arsenal are more susceptible to the press. Because so much of Arsenal’s play is predicated on passing the ball well and playing attractive football, thus creating a perception of superiority that is often enough to overwhelm teams lower down. But against the top sides the players (and the manager) seem so anxious to make a statement,* that when things are not going their way, they can crack –and badly – from which there is no fallback position. Paul Hayward of The Telegraph calls this a “conviction deficit”. In that sense, Arsenal needs not just strong individuals, but technical leaders (players like Xabi Alonso, who sets the tempo, ideologue for Real Madrid) or more damningly even, a more robust footballing strategy beyond merely “expressing” yourself.

*Think back to when, before the 1-0 defeat to Manchester United, Mesut Ozil saidwe are going to Old Trafford to have fun – and that is why we are going to win.” What we saw instead was a very timid Arsenal performance, visibly uncertain about the best way to break down a defensive United side.

This can also tie in with Arsenal’s vulnerability to the high press because players are not sure where to move on the pitch to evade the pressure. Above all, though, it seems that what we need to see most to alleviate this flaw is a more confident Arsenal, one with real relief belief in the way they play – and of course, their best players fit and available together.

Filed under: Tactics

Tagged: , , , , , , , ,

8 Responses to “Have Arsenal become easier to press?”

  1. Carl says:

    While I completely understand Arsene’s use of verticality to stretch play, how difficult is it to change to a horizontal stretch mid-match? Can we not implement both depending on circumstances? Far too often we see Sagna or Gibbs up the pitch and getting caught on the counter. I do not see Arsene as a manager who will stubbornly stick to a system of play but yet I do not see him change the style when we lack the player to perform Ramsey’s function in the team. I am confused of Arsenal’s performance in the latter half this season. If we cannot perform without a player, the system needs to change to suit the available players. My question is how does one go about building a system that allows enough freedom to the squad but within boundaries so it does not fall apart? What can Le Professor do?

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 2 Thumb down 0

    [Reply]

    The Brain Reply:

    @Carl,

    We can. I actually think Flamini is better positionally than Arteta as he moves sideways to pick the ball up, always ensuring he’s an outlet to the, ever-prominent in the build up play, full-backs. In recent games, Wenger has altered the shape a bit to press higher and that means it’s Flamini who’s deepest and Arteta as the circulator in front. Of course, this change has been designed more with defence in mind following the big defeats, but it has so far (touchwood Everton don’t jinx us) helped us build up play quicker.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 1 Thumb down 1

    [Reply]

  2. Hendawy says:

    First, well done on a good analysis. Secondly, I just wanted to comment on Cesc’s quotes, how is it that Wenger demands the ball to be passed forward at all times and he loves “goals” when most of Wenger’s sides never seem to batter teams away or even try to, while Barca seem to always want to score even if already 3 up and stoppage time is approaching.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 4

    [Reply]

  3. Woolwich Peripatetic says:

    You’ve missed the crucial absence of Walcott. Or at the least the absence of a player with his abilities and reputation. Arsenal have become easier to press because more players can be committed to pressing without the threat of a ball in behind favouring Walcott as opposed to the keeper.
    Also it’s a bit harsh on Wilshire to suggest he lacks close control, what he lacks is usually match sharpness and experience, which leads to poor decision making.
    Otherwise, I have to agree, we are easier to press and it’s costing us in big games away.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 1 Thumb down 1

    [Reply]

  4. Tee Söng says:

    As usual, an excellent analysis. I’ve always rather disliked the way that we bring the ball out against pressure. Usually Arteta plays in front of Per and Koz, receiving the ball at the tip of that triangle. The other midfielders and fullbacks tend to push higher, which as you point out, leaves him isolated. The secondary and perhaps just as important effect is that the passing angles form Arteta to the other midfielders are limited and easily covered by a bank of four midfielders. It’s easy for one of the forwards to press Arteta and and for the other forward to cut off the easier pass to one of our center backs. The advantage of course is that if you can get beyond the opposition midfielders, you already have a number of players high up the pitch to attack the opposition back four. The disadvantage is the tremendous burden you place on your midfielders to withstand the pressure and simultaneously find a forward solution.

    It’s a risky approach. Even against “lesser” teams, we’ve lost possession in dangerous areas of the pitch and only the lack of quality up front has prevented goals. Which I suppose is why this approach can work against bottom half of the table teams. However, against teams like Liverpoo and Chel$ki, the risk/benefit ratio of that approach is too high since players like Suarez, Sturridge, Schurrle, etc. are much more likely to finish off the chances created.

    Against better teams, I wish we would adopt the back three approach, spreading our center backs and dropping a midfielder between and having our fullbacks and other central midfielders staying further back. This creates better passing angles because of the multiple triangles and is structurally sounder if we happen to lose possession. Against both Liverpoo and Chel$ki, Arsene and his players were guilty of a type of insanity–doing the same thing but expecting a different result.

    The other thing Arsenal need to learn is how to manage the game. The best teams minimize goals when they’re being put under pressure and score when they have the upper hand. We cracked completely against Liverpool and Chelsea. In their game at Anfield, Manchester showed us how that is done. Down two goals inside of 30′, they became more defensive and pragmatic and got to halftime, regrouped, and got back into the game. We let in further goals and didn’t adapt or react well. Keep up the good work, I learn from every one of your columns here and on Arseblog.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 3 Thumb down 0

    [Reply]

    ArsenalColumn Reply:

    @Tee Söng,

    Thanks. Nothing more to add really, great points.

    The final point about managing moments was what I thought we learned earlier in the season, more readily dropping off, soaking pressure. But of course, the difference is the game states: behind by three goals early on is much different to the 0-0s, 1-0s positions we were in. In those instances we have tended to become desperate, anxious to make a stylistic impression – even that many goals behind!

    I remember screaming at Arteta in the Liverpool defeat to drop deeper and play almost as the third centre-back against Liverpool to guard against the two strikers. Oh well….

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

    [Reply]

  5. DaStuDawg says:

    Excellent article – nothing to add really. Good to see you’re back (Y)

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 2 Thumb down 0

    [Reply]

    ArsenalColumn Reply:

    @DaStuDawg,

    Thanks as always!

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

    [Reply]

Add a comment

Follow comments to this post by subscribing to the comment feed.